ROCK GARDEN AND RARE PLANT LIST
The purpose of this list of “Companion Plants” is to provide you with the structural
and filler plants to bring year-around beauty to your garden.
Each season has its special charm. Cyclamen and trillium are first to appear in
very early spring followed by perennials and shrubs throughout the summer.
Bright and blazing fall color then ushers the garden into winter where the texture
of conifers and evergreen shrubs against the bare bones of deciduous trees
give promise of the coming of spring again.
We apologize for being unable to provide a search option, links to,
or bookmarks to the different Ornamental Plant Groups at this time.
Below is a list of different Plant Groups and some examples of the genus included
in each to help in your search.
PERENNIALS: Hosta, Primula, Saxifraga, Shortia, Soldanella, and more.
BULBS & TUBERS: Camassia, Cyclamen, Scilla and Trillium.
DWARF SHRUBS: Agapetes, Gaultheria, Leucothoe, Menziesia, Vaccinium
SHRUBS: Azara, Camellia, Desfontainia, Enkianthus, Kalmia, Pieris,
CONIFERS: Cryptomeria, Pilgerodendron, and Podocarpus.
TREES: Cornus kousa v. chinensis and Trochodendron.
FERNS: Adiantum venustum, Gymnocarpium, dryopteris,
Polysticum setiferum, and others.
The perennial section was updated as of February 2016
PERENNIALS Photos UNDER descriptions
Anemonella thalictroides (Rue anemone). An eagerly awaited sign of spring, the fully double, long-lasting, little round flowers, white to pink, emerge above delicate, fern-like, dark bluish-green leaves. Easy to grow in part shade. Increases to a 12" clump. Watch for slugs. Native to Eastern North America. Z4-7/PT MB $7.50
Anemonella thalictroides 'Cameo'. Light pink double flowers. MB $7.50
Anemonella thalictroides' Betty Blake'. Light green/yellow double flowers. MB $12.00
Arenaria balearica. A film of tiny bright green leaves and hundreds of starry white flowers on inch-high stems in June. Excellent ground cover for bonsai or any cool, moist spot. Will grow over the face of a porous rock. From the Balearic Island. Grows 1" high x 12". Part shade with plenty of moisture. Likes sandy loam with leaf mold or peat added. Z5-10/PT/EV 3 1/2" $4.50
Asteranthera var. ovata. Freely branching or creeping with toothed, bristly, deep green leaves. Solitary, long-tubed, deep reddish-pink flowers. Native to Chile and Argentina. Z8-9/EV/PT MB $6.00 SPRING 2016
Astilbe simplicifolia, 'William Buchanan'. At home in the damp border, woodland garden or waterside plantings, from full sun to part shade. Panicles of white flowers with red stamens give an appearance of pink, adding interest to the mid-to-late summer garden. The small clump-size, nine to 12 inches tall and eight inches wide, fits in comfortably with shrubs and perennials. Must have acid soil and summer water. Do not plant in clay. Z4-8/PT MB $5.50
Chirita 'Kazu' C. subrhomboidea x fernbrisepala. Gesneriaceae An interesting member of this plant family, with mat-forming habit and long thin, hairy, slightly quilted serrated leaves. The tubular flowers are soft lavender-blue, with white and yellow throats. All forms of Chirita are from the warmer regions of the Himalayas, China and Hong Kong, so will need to be grown in a temperature range of 55º to 70º F, although ours have been colder and warmer, with no damage. Avoid water on the leaves to prevent leaf damage. 3 1/2" $ 8.00
Claytonia parvifolia var. flagellaris. (was Montia parvifolia) 'Spring Beauty'. A small succulent spreading evergreen plant, native to western N. America, which may be eaten for greens. Small bright-pink and white flowers rise from a basal rosette of bright green leaves. Makes a great ground cover, tough, hardy and evergreen. Z5/S/PT/SH/EV 3 1/2" $4.00
Coptis laciniata (Gold Thread). Evergreen ground cover from rhizomes that thrives in shady, damp places in peaty soil. Has small yellow flowers. Native to the Pacific Northwest. Z2-7/SH/EV 3 1/2" $5.00
Galax urceolata (aphylla). Ground cover to six to nine inches, spreading slowly by rhizomes. Tough shiny heart-shaped leaves to five inches across, red-bronze in winter. Tiny white flowers on two foot stalks in summer. Z5/ PT/SH/EV SP $7.00
Haberlea rhodopensis. Related to Ramonda. A basal rosette of deep green, thick textured, toothed leaves to 3", hairy on both sides. Pale-lilac tubular bells, one inch wide, on four to six inch tall stems. Best in cool rock garden crevice, northern exposure, with well-drained soil. Bait for slugs & snails. Z6/PT/SH/EV 3 1/2" $5.00 (Will not be available this spring)
Heloniopsis orientalis. 10” tall in flower, this beautiful Japanese counterpart of Helonias grows in flat evergreen rosettes from which rise racemes of little nodding pink lilies in April. For part shade with plenty of moisture and sandy loam with leaf mold or peat added. Z7-9/PT/EV 3 1/2" $5.50
Hepatica americana. Very early-blooming woodland plant to six inches with three-lobed pointed leaves to five-six inches, and cup-shaped purple or white flowers native from Minnesota to Nova Scotia south to Missouri and Florida. Z 3-8/PT MB $6.50
HOSTA / PLANTAIN LILY / LILIACEAE
Genus of about 70 species of mostly clump-forming perennials, from sun-baked cliffs, rocky stream sides, woodland, and alpine meadows in China, Korea, Japan, and East Russia. Hostas are very hardy, surviving temperatures to -40F (-48C). They perform best in Zones 3-8.
(The above information is from ‘The American Horticultural Society, Encyclopedia of Garden Plants’)
Hosta gracillima. Lance-shaped, wavy-margined leaves 2 ½” long, glossy, and deep green from summer to fall. Flowers held on arching scapes, 8" to 10" long, and are widely funnel shaped. Lavender-blue flowers, purple striped inside. Makes a clump two inches tall by seven inches wide. Native to Japan. Z/4-8 4” $7.00
Hosta venusta. A miniature form, to 1 1/2" tall, with trumpet shaped violet flowers on 10 to 14" leafy stalks. Blooms mid-summer to mid-autumn. Z3-8/PT 3 1/2" $7.00
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Iris foetidissima. A sturdy beardless iris found in South and Western Europe, Azores, Canary Islands, and North Africa. Tough evergreen leaves 12 to 36 inches tall provide a background for the two to five muted lavender flowers, marked with purple veining, tinged with yellow, two to three inches across. Its most outstanding feature is the brilliant scarlet seed pod in the autumn, useful in floral decorations. Because the compact, tough rhizomes spread easily, it is said to be useful in filing shady corners. You must bait for slugs and snails. Crushed leaves are said to produce an unpleasant odor, but we have never noticed it in 40 years. Z7-9/PT/SH/EV TB $6.00 SP $7.00
Ourisia coccinea. Small mounds of bright green, cordate foliage and scarlet red flowers produced in small nodding terminal racemes throughout the summer. Prefers moisture. Grown in full sun in cool climates only, otherwise in part shade. From Chile and the Andes. Z7-9/PT/EV 3 1/2" $5.00
Ourisia modesta, From New Zealand. A prostrate, stoloniferous, carpet forming perennial to 1 1/2 inch tall. Three very small bronze-green leaflets to a stem, evergreen and inversely heart shaped. Tiny white flowers in late spring and summer. Part shade. Has never been invasive for us, in fact it may need protection from being overwhelmed by larger plants. Native to S. America and Australia. Z8-9/EV/PT 3 1/2" $4.00
Oxalis magellanica ‘Nelson’, (formerly 'Flore Pleno') A tiny-leafed, stoloniferous perennial, to 2 ½ inches tall. Leaves 3/16 inch long, tiny white double flowers 3/16 inch long. Non-invasive. Native to New Zealand, Australia & S. South America. Z8-9 4” $5.00
Petrophytum hendersonii, 'Rock Spirea' From the NW America. A dome-forming sub-shrub, found in screes and rock crevices. Tiny white flowers in the summer. Forms dense mats or mounds. Grow in poor to moderately fertile soil, sharp drainage, slightly alkaline, (1 part each loam and leaf mold, 2 parts grit), full sun. 4” tall by 8” wide. Great for scree, rock garden, and troughs. Z6-9 MB $7.00
Primula kisoana. Lovely deep rose flowers in 2-6 flowered umbels, to 8". Large leaves are covered with short soft red hairs on both sides. Easy to grow, ground cover. Deciduous. Z2-8/PT 3 1/2" $5.50
Primula kisoana shikakiana alba. Lovely white flowers in 2-6 flowered umbels, to 8". Large leaves are covered with short soft red hairs on both sides. Easy to grow, ground cover. Deciduous. Z2-8/PT 3 1/2" $5.50
Primula juliae. An easily grown creeping plant for moist positions in part shade. Excellent beside a pool or for a damp spot in a herbaceous border, or a rock garden. Deep bluish-magenta blossoms with a yellow eye, Numerous hybrids have been produced from this one species. Height 2-4” by 4 to 6” spread. Native to E. Caucasus, wet rocky slopes or mossy forest. Z3-8 MB $6.00
Primula moupinense. This new primrose forms an attractive evergreen groundcover. This species is vigorous but not invasive, in a moist soil protected from the hot afternoon sun. The plants put out strawberry-like runners with small plants on the ends and rich lavender-pink flowers in clusters on short stems. Primula moupinense is a new introduction by Steve Hootman, Curator at the Rhododendron Species Foundation, in Federal Way, WA. Collected in the wild in China. Should be hardy to Zone 7-10? TB $6.00
Primula vulgaris x Primula elatior. Rosette-forming, evergreen or semi-evergreen, scalloped bright green leaves to 8" long. Blooms early to mid-season with umbels of 2-12 tubular, bright yellow, fragrant flowers on stiff, upright stems to 12" tall. Grows in moist meadows and open woodland in Europe, Turkey, Siberia. Z 4-8 TB $5.00
Primula x pruhoniciana. ‘Springtime’. A vigorous, rosette-forming, semi-evergreen, Juliana hybrid with bright green leaves. Early season, single, pale lilac-pink flowers to 1 1/2" high and a 7" x 12" spread. Z3-8/PT/Semi-EV 3 1/2" $4.50
Saxifraga cuneifolia. A mat-forming plant with wedge-shaped bright-green leaves. Through spring and early summer, loose panicles of up to 30 star-shaped, small white flowers, frequently spotted yellow or red on reddish stems. 8" tall x 12" across. Suitable for the rock garden, borders and woodland gardens, well drained, shade or part shade. Native to the Carpathians and the Pyrenees. Z5-7 4" $3.50
Saxifraga epiphylla. An exciting new species from China. Was discovered in 1947. The beautiful foliage forms a loose low clump of purple-flushed round, hairy leaves, light purplish beneath. 20" sprays of white flowers in May and July. Likes part shade, morning sun. Z6 4" $8.00
Saxifraga hirsuta. Also called (Hairy Kidney Wort) and (Robertsoniana). Claimed by the Irish to have originated there, and is also found in the Pyrenees and Spain. A slowly mat-forming, evergreen carpet. Can handle PH 6 to 8.5 in clay soil, sandy loam or woodland soil in damp, part shady spots or can take full sun. Small round slightly hairy leaves 1" to 1 1/2" across on a long petiole, scalloped margins with red veining beneath. Blooms late spring and early summer on 8 to 12" stems with panicles of many tiny white flowers that are spotted red. Cold hardy to -18F 3 1/2" $7.00
Saxifraga umbrosa primuloides, nana form Neat compact rosettes of 2 inch scalloped leaves. Clusters of many white flowers on 10 inch stalks in the summer. Suitable for rock gardens, borders, and woodland gardens. Prefers moist conditions. Nana form has smaller rosettes than the regular form. Z1-5/PT/SH/EV 3 1/2" $3.50
Saxifraga x geum, 'Dentata'. A natural hybrid found in the Pyrenees mountains. Vigorous mat-forming evergreen rosettes of spoon-shaped, scalloped, mid-green leaves to 3". In the summer a cloud of tiny star-shaped white flowers, spotted with red, floats in clusters on 8 inch stalks. Easy to grow and likes part shade. Spreads into nice clumps. Z6-8/PT/EV 3 1/2" $6.50
Saxifraga stolonifera, 'Rubra’ A more colorful form of the (Strawberry Begonia). Forms a dense low mat of rounded dark reddish-green leaves with veining. Pale pink flowers float “like little moths” two feet above the leaves. Sends out many runners with small plants at their ends. Can also be a houseplant or used in hanging baskets. Z6-9/PT/SH/EV 3 1/2" $4.00 SPRING 2016
SHORTIA: Shortia are one of our most popular plants. They are attractive through all seasons, having glossy, deep green leaves that often turn red in fall and winter, in addition to the early spring flowers, white or pink and ruffled.
The literature about their culture stresses that they grow best in areas with cool, damp summers, in neutral to acid soil, humus-rich and well drained. In Portland, Oregon our summers tend to be mostly dry with often low humidity, 20 to 30%, and extended periods of 80ºF occasionally in the 90ºs F. Night temperatures are much lower. Our established clump of Shortia galacifolia is thriving with a south west exposure under tall conifers which give some dappled shade. We do provide our woodland landscape with a nightly 20 minute micro-mist. We use no fertilizer except in the sales growing area where all of the plants get two or three applications of 1/4 strength 20-20-20 each spring into summer.
Shortia galacifolia, 'Oconee Bells'. Clumps of crinkled oval leaves, glossy green with scalloped edges, turning shades of red and pink in the sun. Fringed white bells on 4-6" stems. The back of the leaves iARE shiny. Native to parts of the eastern USA. Z6-9/PT/EV 3 1/2" $8.50
New Shortia galacifolia, 'Oconee Bells' (form from North Carolina). Larger growing form. 3 1/2" $8.50
New Shortia galacifolia, 'Oconee Bells' (form from South Carolina). Flowers face the sun. 3 1/2" $8.50
Shortia uniflora, ‘Grandiflora’ rosea. Differs from S. galacifolia in being a more dwarf, sturdier plant, with heart-shaped leaves on shorter petioles. Larger flowers, 1 1/2" across, pink with fringed edges, 3-4". The leaf back is dull. Native to Japan. Z5-8/PT/EV 3 1/2" $8.50
Shortia galacifolia x uniflora, 'Leona'. (Shortia x intertexta 'Leona' RHS). A charming hybrid between S. galacifolia and S. uniflora combining the best qualities of the two species. It was hybridized and named by Steve Doonan. Light pink ruffled flowers. 3 1/2" $8.50
Shortia soldanelloides var. magna. (was Schizocodon soldanelloides var. magna) native to Japan. This mat-forming, spring-blooming perennial produces wonderful deeply fringed, trumpet shaped, pink flowers, framed by glossy, coarsely toothed, dark green, rounded leaves to 2 inches. Difficult to grow in dry climates. Prefers partial shade. Bait for slugs and snails. Z6-8 3 1/2" $15.00 Only one per customer.
Soldanella: A charming group from the mountain regions of Europe. They are all neat looking plants with circular, dark green, leathery basal leaves on long petioles. They are the most typical flowers of the high Alps and push their lavender and purple flower heads through the melting snow. Single flowers or in loose clusters of 1-3 bell/funnel-shaped and fringed. The difference between the species is subtle. All Soldanellas appreciate a moist, cool position, and protection from excess rain. Well drained, humus-rich soil is preferred. Slug protection needed to protect the small flower buds nestled at ground level. Early spring flowering. Z4-7/PT/SH/EV 3 1/2" $6.50
Soldanella austriaca ‘Alba’. This tiny beauty, with equally tiny white flowers, is found in the North Eastern Alps, growing in moist calcareous soil. It is a bit taller than the “minima” form from the Southern Alps. 4" $8.00
Soldanella carpatica. Purple fringed flowers and red tinged under-leaf. Z5 3 1/2" $6.50
Soldanella cyanaster. Several widely flared flowers on each stem, almost blue, the bluest of the genus. One of the larger species. 3 1/2" $6.50
Soldanella hungarica. 1" round leaves, bluish flowers to 1". Grows to 4". Z6 3 1/2" $6.50
Soldanella hungarica ssp. ‘Major’. Flared open aster-like purple-blue flowers. Z6 3 1/2" $6.50
Soldanella x lungovensis. A natural hybrid of S. pusilla and S. montana, forming a smaller S. montana with more tubular flowers. 3 1/2" $6.50
Soldanella villosa. Small round leaves, 1-4 blue flowers in umbel. 3 1/2" $6.50
Vancouveria chrysantha. (Golden Inside-Out-Flower). Three-lobed heart-shaped leaves on slender stalks 8-12". Soft yellow flowers rise above foliage. Often evergreen. Spreads slowly through rhizomes. Native to SW Oregon and N California. Z6-8/PT/SH/Semi EV TB $6.00
Vancouveria planipetala. (Inside-Out Flower). Shiny, firm, dark green foliage, rounded and lobed, on slender stalks to 18". Sprays of small white flowers. Creeping evergreen ground- cover for woodland garden. Native to Oregon and California. Z6-9/PT/SH/EV TB $6.00 Sold Out
Vancouveria hexandra. ‘(Inside-Out Flower). Deciduous, easy creeping woodland groundcover with many small white flowers and slender stalks with 9 or more ovate, bright green leaflets. Excellent for open woodland spaces. Vigorous. Native from Washington to California. Z5-8/PT/SH TB $5.00
Viola verecunda var. yakusimana. Native to Japan on the island of Yakushima. A very dwarf viola with tiny leaves ¼ inch wide and shallowly toothed, and equally tiny white flowers. Suitable for the rock or wild garden, in partial shade and fairly rich soil. It would be ideal for a trough. Z/4-8 4" $6.00 (Will not be available this spring)
Ypsilandra tibetica, SEH#165. A recent find from SW China, this evergreen perennial is in the Liliaceae family like Heloniopsis. The lanceolate pale green leaves, up to five inches long, make a rosette from which the flower stalk appears, extending from five inches to 18 inches as the flowers mature. The flower color changes from pale lilac to cream. Flowering season extends from March to May. Multiple leaf rosettes form to make a clump. Moist soil and partial shade. Z7 3 1/2" $6.00
BULBS and TUBERS
Camassia leichtlinii, subsp. suksdorfii. The cooked bulbs of the Indian hyacinth were an important source of food for the Native Americans. Plant in a sunny perennial border, or a woodland with sun. Prefers a wet but not soggy winter and spring, with a drier summer. It also does well in heavy soil. May take a few years to reach blooming size. The racemes of blue-violet flowers are large, showy and star-shaped on a tall stem. Z4-10 MB $5.00
Cyclamen coum. A hardy little plant and a herald of early spring or late winter. Variable shaped leaves with a surface that can be marbled or plain. Ours have rose colored flowers but we have a few white flowered ones coming along. Together with C. hederifolium, C. coum is the hardies species for our gardens and the easiest to grow. At home in either a sunny or a semi-shaded spot. Flowers and leaves appear at the same time. Wide spread in Turkey and the Caucuses. Z7-9 3 1/2" $4.50
Cyclamen hederifolium. Easy, dependable, long lived, and adaptable. It looks its best in drifts, or naturalized with other plants. Leaves are variable in shape and have interesting marbling patterns. Flowers appear before the leaves in mid to late autumn and are colored from white to dark pink. Native to Southern Europe and over to Western Turkey. Also native to some of the Mediterranean Islands. Z 7-9 3 1/2" $4.00
Trillium rivale. (Brook Trillium) This delightful miniature is from the Siskiyou Mountains of N. California and S. Oregon and can be found in sandy soil along stream banks and rocks in light to medium shade. The stems rise from a deep-seated root stock, up to 10 inches deep when established while the growth above ground is no more than 2 to 4 inches. Some flowers are pure white while others are painted with tiny purple dots. Blooms in late March, April, May. Plant 2 to 3 inches deep. Z5-8 MB $10.00
DWARF SHRUBS Includes creeping sub-shrubs
(Ericaceae is a word you will see after the name of many of the shrubs and dwarf shrubs in this list. The following paragraph is an attempt to explain the word).
* * * * * * *
A small group of evergreen, mostly epiphytic shrubs, usually distinguished by a visibly swollen rootstock. Their range extends from the E. Himalayas through SW China and Indochina to SE Asia. The majority of species are closely related to the SE Asian - Malesian species of Vaccinium (huckleberry/blueberry family). (Species of Agapetes from New Guinea and the SW Pacific are now placed in the Paphia genus).
Agapetes are valued especially for their pendant flowers, usually red and rarely white or yellow, solid colors or with darker chevron horizontal bands. The flowers mostly hang from the underside of the arching stems. In borderline climates the hanging branches make a beautiful basket plant which can be sheltered in cold weather. We had a very big plant die back to the swollen rootstock (caudex), but then it made a quick comeback that spring. Cold hardiness is listed as +15F (Zone 8b) but we like to protect ours a little.
Agapetes buxifolium. Collected around 1855 on the border between Assam and Bhutan. An arching plant to three feet, suitable for a hanging basket, or in the ground in acid compost. The hanging flowers are red flaring sharply at the end of the long corolla tube. The fruit is a fleshy white berry. MB $9.50 and TB @ $12.50
Agapetes x ‘Ludgvan Cross’. (A. incurvata x A. serpens) [Ericaceae]. Pendant shrub with lance-shaped dark green, 2 inch leaves. From spring to summer, bears clusters of up to 6 pendant pink flowers with darker crimson veining. Z10-11/PT/EV MB $9.50
Agapetes serpens. Arching shrub with small, lance-shaped leaves. Urn-shaped scarlet red flowers with darker red markings, hang beneath the branches like little Japanese lanterns. Light blue fruit. MB @ $9.50
Agapetes smithii, 'Major'. Arching shrub with pointed oval shaped leaves. Urn-shaped yellow flowers & fruit hanging beneath the branches. Basket plant or a climber. Evergreen and part shade. Z 10-11 MB @ $9.50 and TB @ $12.50
Buxus microphylla cv. ‘Kingsville’, (compacta). Very slow-growing, compact bun with tiny leaves. Great for troughs, rock gardens, containers. At 30+ yrs ours is 15" x 24" wide. Z6/PT/EV 14 years old (2014) TB $15.00
Chamaedaphne calycutata, (Leatherleaf), [Ericaceae]. An evergreen shrub to 30 inches, found in moist peaty soil in bogs and peat margins. Suitable for the woodland garden. Glossy dark green leaves highlight the urn-shaped white flowers. Spring bloomer. Z3-9/S/PT/EV TB $9.50 a few
GAULTHERIA: [Ericaceae]. A genus of over 200 species of evergreen shrubs, widely distributed in woodland and open moist rocky places, most abundant in the Americas but also found in the Himalayas, S. India, E. and SE. Asia and Australia. In outward appearance Gaultheria is very similar to Vaccinium. The major differences are in the relative positions of the corolla and ovary. While tolerant of shade, some do best in full sun. They should be grown in peaty, permanently moist, neutral to acidic soil in part shade or full sun. Pernettya is also gradually being merged with Gaultheria.
Gaultheria x wisleyensis, (G. shallon x G. mucronata). (was Pernettya mucronata) [Ericaceae]. Hybrids between these two plants occur in New Zealand, but two hybrids originated at Wisley, 'Ruby' & 'Pearl'. Our plant has ruby red fruits crowned with a swollen calyx like a tiny elf's cap. To 3 feet spreading by suckers. 'Ruby’ Z7-9/PT/EV TB $8.50
Gaultheria x wisleyensis, 'Pink Pixie'. This intriguing small shrub was created by back-crossing 'Wisley Pearl' with Gaultheria shallon, according to W. J. Bean. At maturity it will reach 12 inches tall and 18 wide, spreading slowly by suckers. Small pink and white flowers compliment the neat bright green foliage, followed by purple-red fruit. Z7-9/PT/EV TB $8.50
Gaultheria adenothrix. Native to Japan. A useful evergreen ground cover plant to 6" tall with red-brown hairy stems. For semi-shade, moist locations and acid soil. White to pale pink flowers in late spring & early summer that develop into crimson edible fruit. Z7a (0F) 3 1/2" $8.50 Sold Out
Gaultheria mucronata, (Syn: Pernettya mucronata). Compact, bushy, suckering shrub to 4 feet from Chile and Argentina. Notable for glossy dark green leaves which are toothed and spine-tipped. Urn-shaped white flowers followed by variously colored fruit from purple-red to white. Needs a male and female plant to ensure fruiting. "A marvelous plant which should be mass planted for ground cover" Hilliers Manual of Trees and Shrubs. Z8-9 TB $8.50
Gaultheria nummularioides minor. Has smaller leaves and flatter habit. Z8-9/PT/SH/EV 3 1/2" $5.50 Sold Out
Gaultheria phillyreifolia. Native to Chile. This rare wintergreen comes from a climate similar to that of the Pacific NW, USA. Pendulous white flowers hang from deeply toothed leaves, later producing red fruit. Z7a (0F) TB $8.50
Gaultheria tasmanica, (Syn: Pernettya tasmanica). A mat-forming shrub with small, shiny green leaves and small, bell-shaped white flowers. Small round red fruit follow. 3 inches to 10 inches wide. Z8-9/PT/EV TB $6.50
Gaylussacia baccata. [Ericaceae], (Black Huckleberry), Upright deciduous shrub with dark green elliptic-oblong leaves to 2 inches long, resinous beneath, turning soft crimson in the autumn. Small dark red flowers in pendent racemes, 1 1/2 inches long in late spring, are followed by edible glossy black fruit. Size to 3 feet by 3 feet. Native to Eastern North America Z3-7 TB $8.50
Hymenanthera alpina. An evergreen New Zealand shrub that has an unusual rigid spreading habit to two feet. Small leathery leaves, 3/8 to 1 inch. Bears quantities of small, round white berries. Interesting for containers or bonsai. Z8-10/S/PT/EV TB $7.50
Kalmia latifolia, form myrtifolia 'Elf '. (syn. K. latifolia variant nana) [Ericaceae]. Half or one-third the size of the species. The variety 'Elf', which we offer here, was bred by Dr. Richard Jaynes of Connecticut. It is evergreen with dark shiny green leaves half the size of the species latifolia and matures at two to three feet tall with pink flower buds opening to white. Over time it might spread to four feet or more. Needs well drained, loamy acid soil, but moist. It can grow among rhododendrons and prefers bright shade. Plant with the top of the root ball a bit high. Lightly mulch. Low maintenance if these conditions are met. Z5-8/ maybe zone 4/ TB $9.00 Gal $15.00
Leucothoe davisiae. [Ericaceae]. Northern Sierra Nevada in California and the Siskiyou mountains in SW Oregon. A neat evergreen plant from 1 to 3 feet tall with leaves like small salal and flower clusters of small white goblets raised above the foliage. According to Bean (1970) it is one of the best in the genus for the garden. Z8-9/PT/EV MB $6.50 TB $8.50
Leucothoe fontanesiana, 'Nana'. [Ericaceae]. An excellent ground cover for woodland gardens with acid soils kept reasonably moist. 'Nana' is a low growing, more compact form, maybe one to two feet tall. Graceful arching stems carry leathery, lance-shaped leaves, up to 6 inches long. Autumn and winter foliage becomes dark red or bronze-purple. Short racemes of white, pitcher-shaped flowers appear all along the stems in May. Native to the SE USA. Z5-8/PT SH TB $8.50
Leucothoe keiskei, 'Royal Ruby'. (Ericaceae). A rarely found, clump forming, evergreen bush from Japan with arching, rich red young shoots. Ovate-lance shaped, glossy, dark green, leaves 3 1/2 inches long, turning red in the fall. Urn-shaped white flowers in nodding racemes to 2 inches long in mid-summer. Effective in a woodland garden in humus rich, moist, acidic soil, partial shade. 24 inches tall and wide. Z6-8 MB $8.50
Menziesia ciliicalyx. [Ericaceae]. (now Rhododendron benhallii). A slow growing, 2 to 3 feet, deciduous shrub native to Japan. Rounded growth habit, small fuzzy, bright green leaves. Prefers partial shade and acid soil. Urn-shaped flowers, from cream to rosy-purple. Our mature specimen plants were grown from seed approximately 55 years ago by Bob Bovee and are 4' tall. The plants available for sale are budded. Z6-9/PT/DEC SP $20.00
NOTE, the whole Menziesia genus has been moved into Rhododendron. Because there already was a Rhododendron ciliicalyx, this plant had to have a new species name. It was named after Dr. Ben Hall at the U of Washington in Seattle. Dr. Hall runs the lab that has done much of the genetic work on Rhododendrons. Dr. Hall has also been very generous to the Rhododendron Species Foundation over the years.
VACCINIUM: [all are in the Ericaceae family] A large genus of over 450 species, evergreen and deciduous shrubs and small trees distributed world wide from near the Arctic Circle into the tropical and neo-tropical regions. There are many species native to S. America and the tropical islands of the S. Pacific including three species native to Hawaii. The commercial, culinary and medical importance of these plants is well known, but it wasn't until the late 1990s that the ornamental value of many of the Vacciniums became truly appreciated. Many are still not available in any significant numbers but we are doing what we can to propagate and promote some of the best. The genus vaccinium is usually found growing in acidic soils, either sandy or peaty, humus-rich. They can be used horticulturally in woodland settings, rock gardens, partially shaded borders and as container plants which suits them very well. One reference book says that only one species is not edible.
We obtained much of our information from an excellent book: 'Blueberries, Cranberries and other Vacciniums' by Jennifer Trehane, published in association with the Royal Horticulture Society as part of their Plant Collectors Guide Series and Timber Press. Also from Hillier's and Beans excellent reference books.
Vaccinium arctostaphylos. (Caucasican Whortleberry). Native to the Black Sea region, from the Caucasus to Turkey and Bulgaria. This erect, densely branched, deciduous shrub may grow to ten feet at maturity but can be kept as a much smaller bush by pruning. The large leaves, up to four inches long, provide brilliant purple and red fall color. Charming midsummer flowers are white with pink touches, bell shaped and waxy. While the shiny, purple-black fruit are edible, they are not really pleasant. Z6-8/S/PT/SH/Decid TB $8.50
Vaccinium crassifolium. (Syn: sempervirens). (Creeping Blueberry). Native to SE America. This vigorous evergreen shrub creeps by rooting at the leaf nodes of horizontal branches to form a dense mat with upright stems, 12 to 18 inches tall. Small shiny ovate leaves to 1/2 inch are closely packed along the stems. Small pendant, urn-shaped flowers in the spring are white, pink or rose, followed by shiny purple-black edible berries, 1/2 inch across. Introduced to Britain in 1794. Z6-8/PT TB $8.50
Vaccinium delavayi. A neat compact evergreen shrub, very slowly to 2 1/2 ft. Shiny small 1/2" ovate leaves, tiny round white flowers tinged pink, in clusters, purplish berry. Rare and beautiful. Z7-9/EV/PT/SH TB $8.50Vaccinium glaucoalbum. A mound-forming, dense evergreen shrub to 3 ft eventually. Large blue-green oval leaves to 2 1/2" with a bluish cast, white below. Urn-shaped, pinkish-white flowers, late spring, followed by edible blue-black berries. More compact in the sun. Z8-10/S/PT/EV TB $8.50
Vaccinium macrocarpum, cv. ‘Hamilton’. Miniature non-vining little bun. Tiny leaves and small pink flowers followed by edible red berries. Rock garden treasures. Z2-7/PT/EV 3 1/2" $5.50 Sold Out
Vaccinium nummularia. A compact evergreen dwarf bush to 1 ft. with bristly short shoots and rounded dark green leaves. Dense clusters of small pink urn-shaped flowers and black fruit. 7-9/PT/SH/EV MB $6.50 TB $8.50
Vaccinium ovatum. Evergreen Huckleberry, lowland Pacific NW US. Grows from 3 to 15 feet tall with glossy small dark green leaves, profuse, small, pinkish-white bell flowers in tight clusters followed by blackish-purple fruit, birds love them. Various forms: Bovees form, St. Andrews, Mt. Tahoma, B. C. Form Please specify form. Z7-9/S/PT/EV TB $8.50
Vaccinium ovatum x vaccinium floribundum. (Syn: V. Mortenia). Our stock plant is not mature enough to describe; instead, consider the description of a named clone 'Cinderella', same cross, introduced by Barry Starling in 1996. "A small, highly ornamental, hardy shrub with arching growth to three by three feet. Colorful new growth continues all winter on deep red stems. Densely packed leaves 3/4 x 1/2 inch long. Small pendant, bell-shaped flowers along the undersides of the branches, followed by edible black berries". Z7-9?/S/PT SH TB $8.50
Vaccinium oxycoccus. From cooler regions of the Northern Hemisphere, N. America to Japan.. A prostrate evergreen shrublet of moorland and mountain bogs with far-reaching wiry stems bearing scattered tiny leaves. Pink “mini-shooting star” flowers are followed by edible red fruit. Needs moist peaty soil. Judicious pruning in early spring does wonders toward civilizing this "traveler". Z5/S/PT/EV 3 1/2" $5.50 Sold Out
Vaccinium retusum. Native to E. Himalaya A delightful, rare, small evergreen shrub, slowly reaching 3 feet. This is a good plant to grow in the rock garden, in well-drained soil. Tough, bright green, oval leaves about 3/4 inch long, are red when young. In the winter, bright red buds are attractive features among the leaves. The typical Vaccinium flowers, pink and white, appear in early summer. It may not remain compact if grown in shade. Z7-8/S/PT MB $8.50 & TB $10.50
Vaccinium stapfianum var. minus. Native to Mt. Kinabalu in Northern Borneo at 7,000 feet. Epiphytic shrub in the wild. Small shiny green leaves on long arching branches and colorful new growth. Flesh colored flowers. The fruit is green. We bring our plants into the greenhouse in the winter, BUT some of them were left outside and showed no sign of damage from below freezing. Z9? Gal $15.00
Vaccinium vitis-idaea var. minus. [Ericaceae]
(Mountain Cranberry). An evergreen, spreading, compact mound, with many oval glossy dark-green leaves, clusters of small pale-pink flowers and dark-red berries. Z2-8/PT/S/EV TB $5.50
Vaccinium x intermedia, (V. vitis-idaea x V. myrtillus). TB $6.00
Azara microphylla. Chile An elegant small tree or large shrub with arching branches, fan-like spread, tiny fragrant yellow flowers, February-March. Small, shiny, evergreen leaves, 1/2 to 3/4" on arching branches. Z8-10/PT/S/EV TB $8.50
CAMELLIAS: Magnificent flowering evergreens, which thrive in acid or neutral peaty soil, in full sun or part shade. Also ideal for growing in tubs or for a cool greenhouse.
Camellia sasanqua 'Yuletide'. Compact rounded bush with a profusion of single bright red flowers with prominent yellow stamens, late fall & into winter. Quite a treat to cut camellia blossoms for the holiday table. Sun or part shade. Z7-9/S-PT TB $8.00
Desfontainia spinosa. An evergreen shrub from the rain forest and mountain slopes in the Andes from Columbia to the Strait of Magellan. In moist climates it can tolerate open situations but a cool, sheltered moist spot is essential in drier areas. The dark green, glossy leaves , with spines like English Holly (the plant looks like an English Holly) make a dense cover for this bushy shrub which can reach 6 feet over time. Pendent, tubular, bright red, yellow-tipped flowers provide a midsummer to late autumn treat. It has proven cold hardy, planted outside here in Portland, Oregon, even down to +20F and maybe lower. Z8-10 PT/EV TB $10.50
Enkianthus campanulatus. [Ericaceae]. An upright deciduous Japanese species which grows to 6 or more feet. The whorled branches bear racemes of pendulous urn-shaped flowers, a profusion of bells with fluted edges and a range of shades and veining. Vivid autumn foliage in shades of yellow to red. Easy to grow but doesn't do as well in heavy shade. Z5-8/S/PT
Bovees clones =
1) Ivory bells striped red, well branched spreading habit. BV #12 Gallon $20.00
2) cv. Albiflorus, small bells of pale greenish white, no pink. More upright habit, slow-growing. Gal $20.00
3) Red buds, pale red flowers with red veins Gal $20.00
Enkianthus perulatus. Japan. [Ericaceae] Masses of small urn-shaped white bells appear just before leaves. Very slow-growing to 6' with interesting contorted growth. Exceptional scarlet/orange fall color. Z6-8/S/PT Gal $15.00 Photos by Richie Steffen, Elizabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden, "Great Plant Picks"
PIERIS: [Ericaceae] Highly ornamental, dense-growing evergreen shrubs, relatives of rhododendrons and requiring similar treatment. The flower panicles are white and urn-shaped, like Lily-of-the-Valley. Blooms in April to May.
SYRINGA: Lilac These magnificent flowering shrubs or trees are delightful additions to our gardens during their blooming period. Lilacs make great border plants while several of the more compact types, if planted in containers, can be placed where their rich fragrance is more readily enjoyed. As a group they prefer well-drained, near neutral soils, although acid soil is tolerated. To maintain the best shape and a succession of vigorous, flower-producing shoots, prune out some of the older branches after blooming and remove the current year's spent flowers.
Syringa patula var. kamibayshii. (Nakai) K. Kim (Lilac). This lovely variety of the species patula - the Manchurian Lilac, grows into a tall graceful shrub with arching branches. Richly colored clusters of small fragrant blossoms appear in late May, in various shades of lavender-pink. As with all lilacs, pruning of old flowering wood should be done immediately after flowering to maintain a desirable size and shape. (We could not have given you the correct name of this species without the help of Freek Vrugtman, Curator Emeritus of the Royal Botanical Gardens, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada). Z3-8/S Gal $10.00
Trochodendron aralioides. (Wheel Tree), bush form. Selected by Polly Hill. This native to Japan, Taiwan and Korea is sometimes found growing as an epiphyte on Cryptomeria tree trunks, but usually can be seen as a tree, 60 to 80 feet tall in the wild. In cultivation 20 to 30 feet is more common. The form listed here has stayed at 3 to 4 feet for us and makes a striking specimen in a tub. Its spirally arranged leathery leaves are bright apple-green with scalloped margins. Its common name "Wheel Tree" comes from the way the stamens radiate from the center of the flower like the spokes of a wheel. Z6-10/S-pt TB $13.00 Gal $15.00
Pilgerodendron uviferum. (also known as Libocedrus tetragonam and L. levifera and maybe other name changes) A native of Chile and Argentina. A rare, small, slow growing conifer of stiff upright habit. The small, green, scale-like leaves are borne in four ranks, resulting in shoots with quadrangular appearance. Refer to 'Hillers Manual of Trees and Shrubs' and W.J. Bean. In the wild this plant can reach 70 feet but is much smaller in less favorable climates. Here in Portland, Bob Bovee's original plants have remained at 4 to 5 feet in pots. Still very rare in collections. Z8 TB $15.00
PODOCARPUS: A large genus of evergreen coniferous trees and shrubs native to the Southern hemisphere in warm temperate and tropical climates. Several species are suitable for mild temperate areas and a few may be classed as hardy. They succeed in most types of soil, acid or alkaline. This group gives a new look to our enjoyment and use of conifers in the garden.
Podocarpus alpinus, 'Blue Gem'. Native to Tasmania. Densely branched shrub with a lovely blue leaf color. Eventually will grow to 3 x 3 feet. Z7/S/PT TB $8.50
Podocarpus lawrencei. (Mountain Plum-Pine). Native to New Zealand. A fine low-growing, yew-like conifer with small dark green needles, dense and slow growing in cultivation. For a large rock garden or foundation planting or container. Z7-10/S/PT TB $8.50
Podocarpus nivalis. (Alpine Totara). Native to New Zealand. Excellent mounding ground cover, and one of the hardiest species, with dense leathery olive-green needles. Eventually a carpet up to 6 feet across. Similar to P. alpinus. Z7-10/S/PT TB $8.50
Podocarpus salignus. (Willowleaf podocarpus). Native to Chile. An elegant small tree or large shrub, with drooping branches and long narrow, blue-green needles. When grown as a specimen it creates a tropical effect. Container or landscape. Z 8-10/S/PT TB $6.50
Cornus kousa var. chinensis. 'Chinese Dogwood'. Taller, more open than the species C. kousa, with slightly larger leaves. Very long-lasting “flowers” in June and strawberry-like edible fruit in the fall. Good fall color. Z5-8/S 1-2´ $10.00
Trochodendron aralioides. (Wheel Tree) A broad-leaf evergreen tree from Asia to 20 feet in cultivation. Large scalloped leaves, apple green new growth, bronze green in the winter. Small bright green flowers. Quite exotic and different. Z6-10/S/pt/EV Gal $15.00 We have two forms, one listed here and one in the "Shrub" section.
Adiantum venustum, (Himalayan Maidenhair). Semi-evergreen fern with slowly creeping rhizomes. Forms a lacy 12 inch carpet in part shade. Bright green fronds on black stems. Old and new growth is pinkish-bronze. Makes a beautiful ground cover or accent for special effects. Native to Kashmir. Z5-8/PT/EV 3 1/2" $6.00 Photo by Richie Steffen, Elizabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden, "Great Plant Picks"
Blechnum penna-marina. (Dwarf Deer Fern). Australia, S. America Great ground cover for shade or part sun, spreading by branching rhizomes. Leathery 3-4 inch fronds provide spring and summer contrast, green basal fronds and wine-red spore-bearing fronds. May die back in severe winters but recovers. Z8-11 3 1/2" $5.00 Photo by Richie Steffen, Elizabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden, "Great Plant Picks"
NEW Blechnum penna-marina, 'Cristatum' A crested variant. Australasia and S. America. Z10-11 3 1/2" $5.00
Gymnocarpium dryopteris. 'Oak Fern' This exquisite woodland fern forms extensive colonies beneath the forest canopy. The small delicate fronds (6 to 10 inches tall) grow from underground stems and are deciduous in the winter. Best to ship when still dormant. It seems to be able to grow in more sun than most other ferns. Z4-8/PT/SH 3 1/2" $5.00 SP $7.00
NEW Phyllites scolopendrium, (Hart's Tongue). Large glossy evergreen, leathery clump-forming fronds, 8 to 16" long, from rhizome. Although limestone-loving plants, they are occasionally found on slightly acidic soil and rocks. By incorporating concrete rubble, oyster shells or limestone chips, you can make acid soil more basic. Even placing some tums in the soil around the fern is helpful! These ferns and variations of them are very popular in the British Isles. One book lists 445 varieties! Z5 to 9 3 1/2" $6.00
NEW Polypodium glycyrrhiza, (Licorice Fern). This interesting fern, of creeping habit, is summer-deciduous, winter-green, with arching fronds of 5" to 3' long. It can be seen growing on the limbsw of trees and rocks in western North America. Ideal for rock gardens, especially in milder, humid regions. The common name comes from the licorice flavor in the rhizome. Z6 to 8 3 1/2" $6.00
NEW Polystichum setiferum, ‘Congestum’. This beautiful feathery-looking fern with evergreen fronds to 15 inches, is listed among the “dwarf ferns”. Baby ferns often form along the mid-veins. This group - Polystichum setiferum – is one of the more common species of ferns in Southern Europe. Prefers permanently moist soil, slightly acid to basic (PH 6.5 to 8.0) 5" round $8.00 and 3 1/2" $6.00
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The source for our plant hardiness ratings, plus any changes in nomenclature are----.
'Hillier’s Manual of Trees and Shrubs'; 'Hortus 3rd'; 'The American Horticultural Society A to Z Encyclopedia'; 'W. J. Bean, trees and Shrubs'; 'The Laurel Book' by Richard A. Jaynes; 'Blueberries, Cranberries & other Vacciniums' by Jennifer Trehane; and 'Ferns for American Gardens' by John T. Mickel